Acknowledgement for less understanding readers: Every possible crime could happen. However, intentionality and the old rule to rather free than convict in case of uncertainty should always be considered. Klevius thinks there may well have been cases when unexperienced, unbalanced parents have shaken their baby. However, those cases are probably never meant to damage the baby. But the conviction is always based on intentional damage - not just stupid carelessness that the parent will probably regret for the rest of her/his life.
But the main point as outlined below is the social state's inborn hostile attitude against individuals and parents and encouraging parent to talk with their children about ALL forms of sexual abuse. Most sexual abuse happens in the publis sphere and/or among children and youngsters. And most sexual abuse within family happens between children or stepfathers abusing their stepdaughters.
And just as in the incest hysteria cases the social state is more interested in "revealing" parental abuse than simply warning children about sexual etc abuse in general.
The grim history* of the social state repeats itself as predicted by Klevius in Angels of Antichrist (1996) and Demand for Resources (1992).* This history is entirely based on sex segregation (not investment/capitalism as Karl Marx saw it) and therefore, naturally, a topic of interest for Klevius expertice.
To really understand the social state phenomenon please read Klevius thesis Pathological Symbiosis. It is the world's only documented research on the historical roots and development of one of the mos insidious tools of the social state. However, there are many other tools the social state can utilize against individuals. (negative) Human Rights freedom and equality (compare UN's 1948 Declaration) is our only defense against the whims of the social state. Unfortunately the individual always look more suspicious than the social state in the eyes of most individuals.
Habermas and Klevius
In Demand for Resources (ISBN 91 7328 841 1,1992:50-53) Klevius used left leaning thinker Jurgen Habermas to exemplify Klevius anti state socialist view.
Habermas perceives the rationalization, humanization and democratization of society in terms of the institutionalization of the potential for rationality that is inherent in the communicative competence that is unique to the human species. Habermas contends that communicative competence has developed through the course of evolution, but in contemporary society it is often suppressed or weakened by the way in which major domains of social life, such as the market, the state, and organizations, have been given over to or taken over by strategic/instrumental rationality, so that the logic of the system supplants that of the lifeworld.
Habermas: The suffering that is caused by the contingencies in an uncontrolled causality chain gets a new quality if we think we are able to intervene in it in a meaningful way. This suffering hence is the negative for a new demand.
Klevius: This process, i.e. the seemingly good intention to correct social phenomenon which are seen as unwanted, leads to new demands in a never ending stream.
Habermas: Instead of a meaningful consensus between individuals a technical control over society is introduced.
Klevius: For this purpose reality is chopped up in more and more sophisticated channels of education where the employment profile is chiseled out in symbiosis and interaction with legislation (to see this in action carefully read Pathological Symbiosis).
Habermas: One value's worth over an other, i.e. a value's right to action, can simply not be justified. Such technical control leads to the increase of irrationality in the very area of praxis.
Klevius: Such irrationality reveals itself as negative results (measured with the same measurement as the one that initiated the action).
Habermas: But because prejudice gets its peculiar objectivity from this tying together of withhold autonomy, denied freedom and prevented satisfaction, its dissolution demands the cardinal virtue called courage.
Klevius: The negative result of the process is denied with the reference to the fact that the activity has grown out of a will to do good. As a consequence critical scrutiny of the activity is unwelcome (however, do read Angels of Antichrist to question even the initial motives).
Here's the dirty Cleveland Report from 1987 that made Klevius really aware of the problem.
Basically, in this particular case, it was all about an over eager physician who got too excited by the general social state "concern" about parents sexually abusing their kids. And for that purpose she utilized something she had heard about somewhere, i.e. that by sticking up some fingers in the anus of children she could know if they had been abused by their (presumably) Dad.
Judge Elizabeth Butler-Sloss: Dr Higgs denied responsibility for much of what happened, never gave pause for thought, was unable to understand other points of view, saw opposition as ‘denial,’ caused unnecessary stress to children and families and failed to take account of resource issues.
Waney Squier, became a victim of the social state when she tried to protect victims of the social state
A leading doctor who was an expert witness for parents accused of killing their children has been found to have misled courts.
The Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service (MPTS) ruled that Dr Waney Squier had given irresponsible evidence outside her area of expertise.
Dr Squier, 67, based at Oxford's John Radcliffe Hospital, disputed the existence of "shaken baby syndrome".
She said she was "devastated" and stands by her evidence.
The MPTS considered her work as an expert witness in six cases, including the deaths of four babies and a 19-month-old child.
In each case, Dr Squier, a paediatric neuropathologist, gave evidence stating the injuries were not consistent with non-accidental injury, or were more likely to have been caused by other means.
Updates on this story and more from Oxfordshire
'Dogmatic and inflexible'
But the panel found she misrepresented research to support her views and had brought the reputation of her profession into disrepute.
Her minority view on shaken baby syndrome was in contrast to the opinions of the majority of experts in the field, who argue the so-called triad - swelling of the brain, bleeding between the skull and brain and bleeding in the retina - is a strong indicator of abuse.
The panel heard Dr Squier disagreed with those opinions unless there was other evidence of external or internal injury.
In her evidence, she was "dogmatic, inflexible and unreceptive to any other view" which led her "to misrepresent and 'cherry-pick' from the literature", it said.
After the finding, Dr Squier said: "I've done my best to give an opinion based on my experience, based on the best evidence I can find to support my view."
She added that it was "backed by many, many people who are cleverer than I am, who are scientists".
'Failed in her duty'
Opening the case last October for the General Medical Council (GMC), Tom Kark QC said Dr Squier's conduct was affected by her "preconceived and blinkered approach".
He said: "She failed in her overriding duty to the court to remain objective and to assist the court."
Mr Kark added that among those misled would have been the families and other parties to litigation - the judges, lawyers and the other experts.
In most of the cases, Dr Squier - who had not actively worked in paediatrics for more than 40 years - was the sole expert instructed on one side of the litigation.
The panel was told she had given evidence in between 150 and 200 cases since the mid-1990s involving either medical negligence or cause of deaths in early months and years of life.
The hearing has been adjourned until next Monday, when the panel will consider whether Dr Squier's fitness to practise is impaired because of her misconduct.
Analysis: Dominic Hughes, BBC News Health Correspondent
This case reflects a wider, bitter row within the scientific community over the signs associated with babies that have been subject to violent shaking.
The majority view is that a combination of three brain injuries - known as the triad - must be present: swelling of the brain, bleeding between the skull and the brain, and bleeding in the retina.
Dr Squier holds a minority view that these injuries can occur in other ways, for example through a baby suffering injuries while falling over.
Having once been an expert witness for the prosecution, Dr Squier switched to the defence team.
Her friends argue she is now subject to a witch hunt. But an independent panel has found she overstepped the boundaries of what is expected of an expert witness.
Panorama: Shaken Babies: What's the Truth? on Monday 14 March at 20:30 GMT on BBC One.
Klevius comment: Of course the shaken baby syndrome is a similar hoax as Munchausen by proxy, repressed memories etc. But to really understand this you also need to understand that these kind of hysterias develop in the same manner as did the original witch hunt.
And as Ellenberger so eloquently reveals, psychoanalysis is just a new name for the same old exorcism and as Klevius points out, kept alive with religion and sex segregation.
Of course we will always have to deal with lunatics. However, why should we pay for lunatism via taxes etc?
Klevius psychosocial Freud timeline as it was when put on the web 2003
Klevius' Psychoanalytic/Social Timeline (with some additional Scandinavian aspects) Please help me develop it inte a critical tool for a better understanding of how the flaws and stupidities of the “psycho-movement” has been connected to sex-segregation, state support and a non-scientific approach thus leading to a century of mis-treatment and abuse of innocent children.as well as other violations of human rights
by Peter Klevius 2003 The hysteric birth of psychoanalysis
Also read about The borderline problem of psychoanalysis
Sex segregated childless female child psychoanalysts in search for motherhood/femininity
Angels of Antichrist - social state vs kinship
From Klevius without love - Why did you call yoourself a psychoanalyst Karen Horney?
This timeline is copied from a yet unpublished book: Homo Filius Nullius - the Illegitimate Man by Peter Klevius. It consists of mostly Peter Klevius' own observations but includes other gathered material as well.
The text is continuously updated.
An interesting detail in the timeline below is Hollywood's early and strong engagement in psyhoanalysis. My working hypothesis is that it might have something to do with certain characteristics of Hollywood, which in a way, are precursors of Homo Filius Nullius and the social state he (and she - compare Finnish non-gender/sex 'hän') lives in. Attractive people were transported to this particular place where they met with other equally attractive but lonely people. As we all do know, apart from movies Hollywood’s favorite product for the media was divorce. It became cool to divorce because these attractive stars did it at an early time with quite some frequency But for many of these stars it might not have been that cool as it appeared and most likely the introduction of psychoanalytic thinking in Hollywood was an attempt to try to better resolve personal relations on these grounds. Here again we see the same pattern of modernity, sex-segregation and loose attachment treated with the disease itself!
1879-80 Translated one volume of Mill's collected works and didn't like Mill's idea about women's emancipation and equal rights. Actually this was the real starting point for Freud's fanatic and lifelong search/construction of a "scientific" defense for sex segregation (see What is sex segregation?) in an unprecedented time of female "gender" breakers..
1881 Sigmund Freud finally gets his delayed medical degree, and a poorly paid job.
1882 Suddenly left his job without getting a new one.
1883 Tried to convince his fiancee that Mill was a moron and that a woman (by nature) belonged to kitchen, nursing room and bed.to such an extent that it "...practically rule out any profession". However, the (deliberate?) development of psychoanalysis into a female profession (many of the female child psychoanalystst were childless including his own daughter Anna Freud), forced him to a pragmatic acceptance of professional (but sex segregated) women while reinforcing his sense that the distinction was still regarded as fundamental..
1884-5 Freud ruins his scientific reputation by presenting too hasty and erroneous conclusions about cocaine.
1885-86 Freud visits his mentor and idol Jean Charcot's lectures on "hysteria" in Paris.
1886 At the end of April, Freud, known as a “practising magnétiseur”, opens his private medical practice in an effort to economically survive after having been laughed down (because of the cocaine mess) by the Viennese scientific society.
1886-7 Turns to hypnotic suggestion based on the lectures of the pathetic.Charcot in Paris.
1888 Freud begins treating Anna von Lieben, known in "Studies in Hysteria" as Caecilie M.
1889 In July, Freud begun using the cathartic method on Anna von Lieben, a wealthy morphine addict he treated twice a day for some three years
1890-92 The “discovery” of electrical activity in the brain was debated in the Viennese ‘Centralblatt für Physiologie’. Freud and his Viennese colleagues did not know about original discovery by the British R. Caton from 1875.
1891 Caton sends a letter to Centralblatt in which he describes his findings presented in Britain in 1875 and 1878.
(Peter Klevius is, until disproved, to be considered the first (2001) and only one (so far) to have acknowledged the crucial connection between Freud's emerging psychoanalysis and Caton's discovery). Few researcher even know abt the basic controversy (i.e. that Caton was some 17 years - sic - ahead of the Viennese scholars) underlying Klevius' theory. The implications of Klevius findings abt the Freud/Caton connection, are presented in "Pathological symbiosis", and are entirely described in yet unpublished Homo Filius Nullius.
1891 Freud’s ideas on neuronal transmission were altered because of Waldeyer’s hypothesis that the nervous impulse also had to be discontinuous
1891 Death of Fleischl von Marxow (Freud’s friend who erroneously thought he was the first who had discovered electrical activity in the brain, and who became a cocaine addict because of Freud)
1891 On Aphasia 1891. London and New York, 1953. Indicates a psychosomatic connection between body and language.
1892 Freud moves (according to Macmillan) from the descriptive level of Charcot’s hysteria to the more sophisticated ideas of Janet (March 11).
1892 Dec. A preliminary report on hysteria. A preliminary report for the 1895 book Studies in Hysteria
1892 First mentioning on tics
1893 “…in mental functions something is to be distinguished, a quota of affect or a sum of excitation which possesses all the characteristics of a quantity (though we have no means of measuring it), which is capable of increase, diminution, displacement and discharge, and which is spread over the memory-traces of ideas somewhat as an electric charge is spread over the surface of a body. This hypothesis, which, incidentally already underlies our theory of ”abreaction” in our ”Preliminary Communication” (1893), can be applied in the same sense as physicists apply the hypothesis of a flow of electric fluid explaining a great variety of psychical states”.
1893 Freud, S, On the Psychical Mechanism of Hysterical Phenomena. [with J. Breuer] SE 2, 3-17
1894 - The first written appearance of the word "feminism" as we know it. Two completely different "feminisms" can be exemplified by "feminine" Hubertine Auclert and "non-feminine" Madeleine Pelletier. Also compare the notion of "false feminism" ascribed to competent women competing on male turf.
1894 Freud, S, The Neuro-Psychoses of Defence. SE 3, 43-61
1894 “… a complicated electrical apparatus” (in The Neuro Psychosis of Defence)
The obvious connection between Caton and Freud has to my knowledge not been pointed out before the presentation of this timeline (P. Klevius).
1894 Freud suffers from impotence. Fliess gives him cocaine to cure a sinus infection – Freud got addicted and begun his self-analysis
1894 December. Fliess visited Freud and examined Emma Eckstein-1895- Women's football on the rise (e.g. Nettie Honeyball)..
1895 In February Freud asked Fliess to cure Emma Eckstein’s “nasal reflex neurosis” (a hoax diagnose, see above) by unnecessarily removing the middle left concha of her nose. Emma was on the verge of bleeding to death from gauze that carelessly had been left within her nasal cavity. According to Freud Emma was not bleeding because of ruptured veins but because she had, unconsciously, fallen in love with Freud.
1895 Firdt woman scales Matterhorn, gets big headlines and becomes notoious in Victoian circles. Did Freud think she actually climbed a penis, and did her (and other women's) strength contributed to the birth of psychoanalysis one year later?
1895 Fliess is peeping on his toddler son’s spontaneous penile erections while looking at his mother. This is then connected to Freud’s “memory” of his desire to copulate with his mother at the age of two.
1895 May. “a consuming passion for psychology” (a “tyrant” as Freud himself describes it in a letter to Fliess)
1895 The first Freudian psychotherapy appeared in 1895, in Freud’s contribution to his and Breuer’s Studies in Hysteria. Here Freud gives the concepts of ”resistance” and ”transference” their first definition
1895 Freud, S, A Project for a Scientific Psychology. SE 1, 283-397
1895 On July 25, 1895, the secret of the dream revealed itself to Freud
1896 First coins the term "psychoanalysis”. Freud's father dies and Freud starts his self-analysis (according to some interpretations – but see 1894)
1896 Freud, S, The Aetiology of Hysteria.
1897 “I no longer believe in my neurotica” (seduction theory).
1897 University of Vienna first permitted the enrolment of women
1897 When Anna Freud was two or less Freud’s “discovered” infantile sexuality and the Oedipus complex
1898 Freud, S, Sexuality in the Aetiology of the Neuroses.
1898 R v Krafft-Ebing: Psychology of sexual life. Mentions "psychoanalysis" (Krafft-Ebing was positive to Freud because they both shared the view that "sexuality" was world-embracing, and hence "readable" in every aspect of life. He strongly supported Freud's application to his university).
1899 Freud, S, Screen Memories.
1900 S. F. The Interpretation of Dreams published. (written in 1898-1899)
1901 In the autumn of 1901, Freud was faced with a mind far superior than his own. Otto Weininger approached him with an outline for his thesis (not the final book version) Sex and Character. Of course Freud wasn't the man to take it so he rejected the young (21) genius in the most brute way and hence probably contributed to this sensitive youngster´s suicide. Although Welninger based his thoughts erranenously on a speculative male/female "sex-fluid" in every cell (he didn't know abt DNA and therefore couldn't properly asssess the power of heterosexual attraction), his importance as a genius is the internal logic in his construction - a logic that made Wittgenstein choose Otto, but not Sigmund, to his list of a few important thinkers that had impressed him. Also see Klevius analysis of mind and awareness!.
1904 S. F. published Psychopathology of Everyday Life; and ended relationship with Fliess (who accused Freud of plagiarism).
1905 S. F. published Three Essays on Sexuality and Jokes and Their
Relation to the Unconscious
1907 Freud and Jung meet in Vienna
1908 First International Psychoanalytical Congress, Salzburg,
1909 S. F. forms International Psychoanalytical Society with Carl Jung as its first president. Comes to US to give a series of lectures at Clark Univ. (invited by G. Stanley Hall).
1911 Adler left Freud
1914 Jung left Freud
1914 S. F. "On Narcissism"-- the first mentioning of the ego ideal, which
will become the superego.
1915 S. F. delivers introductory lectures at University of Vienna.
1917 S. F. publishes Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis.
1918-22 S. F. analysed his daughter Anna Freud and put more emphasis on a mother's role in a daughter's life versus the father's role as being the sole motivator for behavior
1920 S. F. publishes Beyond the Pleasure Principle; introduces the death
1920 The first child psychoanalyst, Hermine Hug-Hellmuth, publishes “On the Technique of Child Analysis”.1921 British FA bans women's football by the help of female physicians, who (as experts on the female body and mind) declare the game "unsuitable for women". Several of the doctors involved are now presented as feminists by feminist writers of today. And feminists should know who are feminists, shouldn't they (also see Heroic gender breaking women - and some tiny men)?
1921 S. F. publishes Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego;
applies social context to psychoanalysis.
1921 Margaret Schönberger (Mahler, 24) had severe stomach pains and attacks that horrified her circle of friend's. She was diagnosed with Heirshsprung disease, "a congenital disorder of the colon rectum which is unable to relax and permit the passage of stool. During the surgery severe adhesions were discovered and removed. After the procedure, the problem ended.
1922 Anna Freud became a member of the International Psychoanalytic Congress
1922 Margaret Schönberger (Mahler) age 25, arrived to Vienna and was taken care of by the delinquent expert August Aichhorn.
1923 A long series of operations on Freud’s jaw to remove cancer. Anna felt she had to stay with him because, not only had he been borrowing money from friends, but also he was now ill.
1923 S. F. Publishes The Ego and the Id; a final structural theory.
1923 Anna Freud, while taking care of the neighbors’ children: "I think sometimes that I want, not only to make them healthy, but also, at the same time, to have them, or at least have something of them, for myself”
1923 Sigmund Freud:"Our symbiosis with an American family, whose children my daughter is bringing up analytically with a firm hand, is growing continually stronger"
1923 Klein M. The development of a child. Int. J. Psychoanal., 4:419
1923 Presented structural model of id, ego, & superego (at age 67)
1924 Hermine Hug-Hellmuth publishes “New Ways to the Understanding Youth”.
1924 On 9 September Hermine Hug-Hellmuth was found strangled (by the boy she had analysed) on her couch. 2.400.000 Kronen were stolen from her underwear. According to a brief entry by Siegfred Bernfeld in International Journal of Psychoanalysis Hermine expressed a desire in a will a few days before she was murdered that no account of her life and work should appear in psychoanalytic publications!
1924 S. F. allegedly turns down an offer of $100,000 by Samuel Goldwyn to cooperate in making movies of famous love stories
1924 Klein M. The role of school in the libidinal development of the child. Int. J. Psychoanal., 5:312-331.
1925 Anna Freud began getting heavily involved with Child Psychoanalysis.
1926 Infant analysis., Int. J. Psychoanal., 7:31-63.
1926 Publishes Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety.
1926 Helene Deutsch began analyzing Margaret Schönberger (Mahler). After 14 months of cancellations she said Margaret was unanalysable.
1927 Symposium about the Freud/Klein controversy, arranged by Jones
1927 August Aichhorn (who had a “personal relationship” with her) became Margaret Schönberger’s training analyst.
1927 Anna Freud, Eva Rosenfeld and Dorothy Burlingham organized a school for local children, later, Hampsted War Nursery research.
1927 Anna Freud’s first book entitled Introduction to the Technique of Child Analysis. It was a collection of all her lectures, and a direct attack at Melanie Klein's theories.
1927 S. F. publishes The Future of an Illusion; debunks religion on
rational, scientific grounds.
1933 Margaret Schönberger (Mahler) was finally accepted as an analyst.
1934-6 (?) Rolf (who strangled Hermine Hug Hellmuth 1924) was released and started chasing the psychoanalytic movement and especially Helene Deutch). Deutch’s husband hired two protectors and Rolf eventually disappeared).
1942 M. Mahler: Pseudoimbecility: a Magic Cap of Invisibility
1944 M. Mahler: Tics and Impulsions in Children: A Study of Motility
1947 "The Hampstead Clinic is sometimes spoken of as Anna Freud's extended family, and that is how it often felt, with all the ambivalence such a statement implies," one of her staff wrote
1949 Margaret Mahler gives the first hint of her coming theory about symbiosis in a footnote in ‘Clinical studies in benign and malignant cases of childhood psychosis – schizophrenia-like”, American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol 19, s 297, fotnot.
1949 Therese Benedek published what was perhaps the first use of the concept of ‘symbiosis’ to characterize the early mother-infant unit
1951 John Bowlby: Maternal Care and Mental Health," published by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1952. ). It stimulated future studies of infant-mother bonding and the effects of early separation.
1955 Mahler and Gosliner presents an idea about human symbiosis and separation/individuation, that launches the research project “The natural history of symbiotic child psychosis” at Masters Children’s Center in New York.
1957 Bowlby's first formal statement of Attachment Theory, ‘The Nature of the
Child's Tie to his Mother’was read to the British Psychoanalytic Society. The paper was controversial. Donald Winnicott: "It was certainly a difficult paper to appreciate without giving away everything that has been fought for by Freud". Anna Freud: "Dr Bowlby is too valuable a person to get lost to psychoanalysis"
1957 The revelation of the deeds of “the real Psycho”, Ed Gein. Although he suffered and was diagnosed with severe paranoid schizophrenia, the popular “psycho”-analytic “diagnosis” about a too close attachment with his mother is the one that still labels him. When Ed appeared in the psychoanalytic circles and popular culture (which are almost the same as has been noted above, i.e. that psychoanalysis far from being radical can thank its success precisely because it is reactionary) he fulfilled every possible expectation.
When Leo Rangell arrived in Los Angeles in 1946, he felt that psychoanalysis seemed ideal. Psychoanalysis was then, according to Rangell, 'as golden as the Southern California sun'. The treatment of the war neuroses together with the arrival of the European analysts who had fled Hitler advanced psychoanalysis, attracting much professional and popular interest. While LAPSI had become almost paralysed in the late 1940s, the period following the split became for some a 'golden age' for psychoanalysis'. Both societies expanded and graduates quickly developed full analytic practices.31 Mel Mandel who began training at LAPSI in 1952 recalled that the animosity between the societies 'was as thick as a heavy fog'.32 Still, within LAPSI the 1950s provided some 'periods of quiescence'.33
By the early 1960s, the 'golden age' was over.
In 1947, Ernst Simmel appointed Greenson as a training analyst.61 After the split Greenson became president of the Los Angeles Psychoanalytic Society (1951-53) and Dean of Education (1957-61). He was Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the UCLA Medical School.
1959 Mahler et al’s follow up study with normal children and their mothers.
1959 Psycho, book by Robert Bloch (compared to the movie a more incestuous relationship between a 41 year old man and his mother)
1960 Psycho by Alfred Hitchcock (about a young man that killed his mother). Based on Robert Bloch’s novel but influenced by the screen player Joseph Stefano and the information he got from his psychoanalysts (compare the LAPSI controversy among US psychoanalysts at the time). The movie can be interpreted as a mix of Kleinian and Mahlerian thoughts on the mother/son-relationship. "He used to ask me about my analysis. Many of the things I supplied for Norman's background were not in the book because I was learning in analysis why boys killed their mothers. I would tell Hitch all these things. I told him I felt I could have killed my mother at a certain point in my life, and it was sort of a miracle that I hadn't done that. He thought all that was very interesting."
1963-65 A follow up study to the follow up study was granted and launched for M. Mahler et al. This study is presented in The psychological birth of the human infant (see below).
However, Ralph (Romi) Greenson was closely connected to Anna Freud and her group in London. His Foundation for Research in Psychoanalysis in Beverly Hills provided an important source of funds for Anna Freud's work in London as well as for Albert Solnit's New Haven group around the journal, The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child. The fund financed Anna Freud's purchase of Freud's London home and half of the Hampstead Clinic's 1968 budget shortfall of $60,000.72 The chief wealthy donor for this Foundation was one of Greenson's patients, Lita Annenberg Hazen.73
1970; nr 14 Socialstyrelsens Råd och anvisningar (Advises and Direktions from the Social Boyard) 1970 no 14 Åtgärder mot misshandel av barn (tar även upp psykiskt skadlig behandling). Measures against child abuse (including psychological abuse).
1972 Barnbyn Skå starts treating families in accordance with a psychoanalytic understanding. A main focus is laid on parent’s “lack of understanding” their children.
1973 Beyond the Best Interests of the Child, by Joseph Goldstein, Anna Freud and Albert J. Solnit (financially contributed to Anna Freud’s Hampstead Clinic).
1975 The Psychological Birth of the Human Infant (M. Mahler et al).
1976 The UKÄ-report 1975:24 officially introduces psychoanalysis (psychotherapy and psycho-social work) in the state financed social work in Sweden.
1978 As a result of the official means now available because of the UKÄ report, a psychoanalytic research group, including Sven Hessle, is put together at Barnbyn SKÅ.
1979 Alice Miller: The Drama of the Gifted Child (see Alice Miller's genosuicide)
1979/80:1 Government Bill introduces LVU, the new child protection act. Main features include the suppression of the word “compulsory”; the removal of the punishing aspect of measures directed towards children and youth
1980 Alice Miller: Det självutplånande barnet in Swedish (Das Drama des begabten Kindes und die Suche nach dem wahren Selbst)
1980 The Shining
1981 Alice Miller: Prisoners of Childhood
1981 Socialstyrelsens Allmänna råd (General advices from The Social Board) 1981:2 LVU warns for “destructive bonds” between parent and children, and the necessity of compulsory care because of these ties.
1983 Alice Miller: For Your Own Good: Hidden Cruelty in Child-rearing and the Roots of Violence
1984 The Psychological Birth of the Human Infant (M. Mahler et al) is published in Swedish
1986 Sven Hessle introduces “symbiotic rejection ”, a concept he later (2001) seems to be less convinced about.
1987 BRIS (a society connected to Anna Freud) contributes to the preparatory works for a revision of LVU by stating that symbiosis is the most fundamental of dangers facing a child and thus should be used as a criterion for separating children from their parents.
1989/90:28 Government Bill proposing the new revised LVU including “pathological symbiosis”.
1991-03-01 The revised LVU (SFS Act No: 1990:52) including “Pathological symbiosis”.
For a detailed scientific analysis of the stealthy introduction of "pathological symbiosis" in the Swedish child protection act read Klevius thesis: "Pathological Symbiosis" in LVU
- Relevance, and Sex Segregated Emergence.